​​   Dr. Nikki Woller, Ph.D., LCSW & Associates 


       Resistance Phase:   OMG!! Are we okay phase?     

​                          Our body is on standby.

                                           EMERGENCY MESSAGE: "Body parts, we think everything is okay, but we aren't sure!!"  

             Body: Tries to counteract the physical and chemical changes from the alarm phase.  
        Heart: Starts to return to normal.  
                                                              If - Stressful Situation = Stops                      Then - Body = Return to Normal

                                                         If - Stressful Situation = Continues              Then - Body = Stay at Alert and Will Continue with Stress              Hormone Production (person will struggle to concentrate and become irritable)

Today we are going to learn about stress and the effects of stress on the health of a person. Let's start by finding out how much stress we have in our own life. Let's take the stress assessment attached

       Exhaustion Phase:   I hope we are okay!! We don't have any gas left!!    


                                           EMERGENCY MESSAGE: "Body parts, we are OUT OF GAS!! Hope everything is okay."

             Body:     Depleted its energy sources.
        Results: Tiredness     Depression      Anxiety       Feeling unable to cope     Risk of developing stress-related health conditions

What exactly is stress and what happens when we feel stressed out? 

Long Term Medical and Emotional Problems

  • increase the risk of viral infection
  • increase the risk of type 2 diabetes
  • stomach ulcers
  • depression
  • ​heart disease 
  • ​What can you add to this list? 

What are some professions that are constantly going through G.A.S.? 

Consequences of ongoing stress

General Adaptation  Syndrome

       Alarm Phase:        Fight or Flight

​                          Our brain sends an emergency signal to other parts of your body. 

                                           EMERGENCY MESSAGE: "Body parts, we are in a dangerous situation!! Standby for instructions!!"  

       Heart: Starts beating faster to give us more blood and oxygen to arms and legs (more energy).

       Head: Gets hot (result of hormones released). Starts to assess situation.

       Brain: Releases Adrenaline (for energy).

Common changes associated with the alarm stage include heart palpitations, shallow breathing, muscle tension in lower back and neck, nausea, anxiety, dizziness, sweating, and numbness of the limbs.


Stress is our bodies response to something that happens to us or someone else (a stressor). When we are stressed our brain releases chemicals into our body to help us cope with the stressor that we are experiencing.